FIXING WILD COMB IN A BEE HIVE

There are many ways to fix wild comb in a hive, one is to just put a deep or supper on top of your existing hive, when the bees work there way up, just take the lower hive off and clean up the mess.

Another way is to put the hive “Back together” I put this hive back together due to the bees putting drawn comb on the bottom of the outer cover, yes this hive is a mess. I removed three frames from the hive then put the queen and a load of her work force in the hive. Then all the other bees just came right in (When I was called to get this hive out of the inside of a tree.) Yes I was stung 6-8 times right through the suit, this hive was a bad one. Killed the queen and now I have waited about forty days. (Still a couple of hot bees in there.)

When starting to put the cut out brood in the frames, do not forget to start at one end of the frame. (Like I did) Use rubber bands that are long enough to go around a deep frame, just in case you need to fix some deep frames.

The bottom is fixed and in good shape, The bottom of the outer cover has a lot of brood on it, yet it is easy to remove and place in a frame.

The drawn frame at the bottom of the medium will help keep the bees honest with “Bee space.”

I filled the top medium up and as you can see, you can just stick the drawn comb in the frames. Yet rubber bands work real well. I took the honey off the outer cover and gave it to the kids and Mom. The hive has a shim and the same top cover on it now. This hive will be a good performer and I will use it next year for a production hive possibly. I may put a deep on it in about three weeks. The bees are real good workers in this hive.

Thank you for watching happy bee man.

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Quick Hive inspection – What To Look For

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The first inspection on a hive is an outside visual inspection; bees flying around robbers. I look for wanderers, that is I look for bees that are trying to get into the hive everywhere but the front entrance. If I see this I look to see if there is fighting out front (And there usually is.) I then lift the hive cover and if some or a load of bees comes out of the hive I have a robbing problem. Some times there is no fighting out front but the bees will still fly out of the hive when I open the lid.

If you have a robbing problem it must be stopped immediately. The first thing to do is to make sure your hive is sealed everywhere but the front entrance. Second put a robber screen on the front of your hive. Third keep open feeders at a distance. I owe this one to Joe May; Keep your community feeders at least a hundred yards from your hives. If they are only one hundred yards you must make the bees make a turn up, down, left or right. Make them make a turn. If you have them more than two hundred yards from your hives no worries. If you can’t put your open feeders (Community Feeders) more than a hundred yards from your hives don’t put them out.

Another way to stop robbing is down sizing your hive. If I have a three frame nuc being robbed, chances are that I can take that hive and put it in a two frame nuc. Its worth the work to save your hive, that two frame hive can become a ten framer.

Feeding with internal feeders is better than feeding with external feeders but both will increase the possibility of robbing. (External Feeders will bring robbers of all sorts,)

This is a quick inspection; things that I look for while doing a quick inspection are the following; 1. What type of eggs are being laid in the hive and were are they being laid. If drone cells are in a frame, I don’t worry to much but if they are in the lower corners I begin to look for queen cells. (Drone cells in the lower corners are an excellent sign that the bees are going to swarm.) If I find a queen cell in the bottom of a frame I take immediate action. The queen and two frames of bees are moved. The queen cell stays, I will wait a couple of days to see if the bees make any more.) All queen cells are destroyed that go with the queen. Her frames will be checked in three days again. I always move the queen into a smaller hive. (It gives her the felling that she has swarmed- I.e. false swarm. I usually us a three framer.

If its a queen cell in the middle of the frame I let nature take its coarse. The bees know better than me. If there are more than one supper-sedure cell I may do a split.

2. Adding a starter strip ( A lot of people use foundation) frame or making more room for the bees in the spring and summer. If I add a starter strip I will put it in the middle of the hive. The bees will build on it quicker and the queen will lay on it sooner.

3. I check to see if the hive is honey bound. (Honey bound is when due to eggs, honey and pollen in the cells the queen has no were to lay eggs. I will add a starter frame, if the bees are in dire need of a place for the queen to lay eggs I will put a drawn frame in the middle of the hive to the point I will pull a frame from another hive if I have to. I don’t want the bees to get the swarm bug. This seldom happens, It has not happened to me this year, if it does it usually happens in the fall when I am feeding 2-1 sugar.

I look at the bottom board of the hive and make sure it is clean, robbers and hive Beatles, and wax moths make messes in hives. Pollen on the floor- Hive Beatles wax at the front door robbers, and bees flying away when you open the hive robbers. To much burr comb on the top bars, time to add a new deep or medium in many cases.

I make sure I left the hive the way I found it, I.e the brick as it was (This is how I can tell if the hive is split, queen right, weak, strong or other things.) Or I write on the inside shim, and keep the writing in front.

Thank you for reading this post, I hope you have learned something.

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Putting queen in hive

Here is one way to put a virgin queen in a hive and it works, when you release your virgin queen, you spit on her before you release her, it works almost 100% of the time. The video speaks for its self.

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How To Catch A Swarm

I really like using this method to catch a swarm, this swarm was in my yard, my son Matthew found it, the for two days scouts were looking over my bee equipment in my barn, I came out the third day in the morning and the scouts were gone. I knew that either the  bees had left or that they were on their way.

There are many ways to catch a swarm once you have found it. I used to use the blanket on the ground method, until I lost the largest swarm that I have ever seen. (It was a little bigger than a basket ball.)

Now I use this method. I get the bees into the top box and the bottom box is filled with drawn out comb frames. After getting the bees into the box I just close the outer cover and let the bees come into the hive. Sometimes I will put the last of the bees in front of the hive on a blanket and they just march right in, in this case I just ended up putting the hive on a hive support about eighteen inches of the ground and the bees just flew right home.

I like this method because it is real quick, usually about half an hour and the queen is never hurt and she is in the hive.

The next day I test the bees, I open up the hive without smoke and wave my hand ower the hive slowly, no stings good bees. Then I put my hand in the deep and remove the branch out of the deep. I take the deep off and put a shim on the hive and then the outer-cover.

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How to Light a Smoker the Easy Way

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Page for Beekeeping Videos

Here is one of my first videos. You can find my videos on the page above titled, A Day in the Apiary – Videos

 

https://youtu.be/X2CdptigG4Y

 

 

 

 

 

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Building A Colony Of Bees Quickly

This post is an in-depth post, on how to build a colony of bees quickly. If you have bought a nuc or a package of bees and they are doing well after about a week, you can then begin to build your colony of bees at full speed.

If you have a nuc, leave it in a five frame nuc until eighty to ninety percent of it is filled with brood, honey and pollen. It is of great importance that you wait until it is nearly filled. Do not wait to long or your bees will want to swarm. But you will know by inspecting the hive once a week when your queen has laid up a lot of your drawn comb. And your bees have filled almost the rest of the hive. (If you don’t have the time to inspect your bees often or look at them three times a week, (This does not mean you have to inspect them by opening the hive but if you can just walk by them.) this system may not work. Once the bees get the swarm signal it is hard to break.

* A side note, lets say I inspect hive #4 and its ready for another starter strip frame in 2-3 days and I walk by that hive the next day and there are about 1,000 bees out front doing an orientation flight. The possibility is good that #4 needs another starter frame to work on.

When you see your hive is getting stuffed; There are bees covering the top bars when you open the hive. The frames are nearly filled, your field bees are still out in the field and the bees start putting burr comb on the top bars. Its time to move.

Putting Your Bees In A Bigger Box

It is time to get that eight or ten frame box and put your bees in it. And this is how I do it; I put all five frames in a ten frame box, putting two frames to one side and three frames to the other. And then I put a starter strip frame right in the middle of the hive. (If the weather is below forty at night I put it to one side -this seldom happens.)

Then I put a 1/8th” board that has been nailed to a 2″ board and fits snug against the last frame. I leave the rest of the hive empty. The starter frame will be drawn out within a week at the most and filled with eggs. (When you inspect your hive after putting in your starter strip you will many times find your queen laying eggs in that frame.)

The next week I will put in one more starter strip frame right in the middle of three frames to the left and three to the right. That frame will be drawn and filled the following week. The next week I put in two frames of starter strip with one frame of drawn comb in between them. I will have four frames of eggs, brood in all stages and bees hatching for three weeks.

The following week I put in two frames of starter strip and pull out one frame of brood and put it in a weaker hive or use it to make a split or build up the hive to fill twenty frames.

When I make a hive for honey or I just need a lot of bees, I do the same thing. Except I put a special five frame hive on top of my ten frame hive. When I put the last starter strip frame in about four days later I will go into the hive (A hive that big will fill out a starter strip frame in four days and the queen will fill it with eggs in many cases.) I will put the two out side frames up stairs and any other frames that have a little brood or none up stairs. I will fill the rest of the up stairs with capped brood ready to hatch.

I will then put five frames of brood down stairs with one starter strip to the left of center and one to the right of center. There will only be seven frames down stairs. I will then insert one of my boards in the hive to block off the rest of the down stairs. The two frames will be filled out quickly. I then insert three more starter starter strips and I will have a hive that can produce honey and lots of it.

I am sharing about a hive that will need suppers put on it not just for honey but shear room. The brood boxes will be packed. And honey production in a good year can be excellent.

I am making a honey hive right now and will try and video it. It is now packed as a ten framer. And I have taken eight frames of brood and bees from it already. To boost other hives and to make splits.

Things change, I just took a frame of brood out of #4 and put it in a hive that has about two cups of bees in it. (They are working to keep there queen cell alive.) That frame of brood is going to hatch in about two to three days at the latest. I took another frame out to put in a production queens hive, when it hatches out she will produce three or four frames of brood over the next couple of weeks (Her hive is weak or she would be laying like crazy.)

Number #4 hive will replace those lost frames in one week plus. There are eight frames of bees in it going full speed.

Take note; timing is critical, I would usually not get such good results from a hive after July 10th, give or take. (Queens just slow down, that are mated in the spring.) Queens that are mated after the summer solace will go full speed until it gets to cold.

Feeding Your Bees

If you want to produce a load of bees quickly you will have to feed them. I feed my bees full time, 1:1 sugar water. A good hive will consume a half gallon a day. Once you start feeding bees you must stay committed to it. I will feed my bees when there is a heavy mist, it is sprinkling, strong wind (30 miles per hour.) or cool weather 40+.

When I feed my bees I can open the hive, feed my bees and close up the hive in about thirty seconds. I use a gallon zip-lock baggie. I poke holes in it with a 16 penny nail near the bottom. About five one inch from the bottom and then about three more a inch higher. I fill the baggie up with about thirty ounces of sugar water and then I do it later or the next morning. ( I have hives that are a little lite.) Bees use 1:1 just about as quick as they haul it in.

Some Things To Look For;

When you are feeding your bees often, you must look for certain things and signs. If you see drone comb being built up near the bottom bars on your frames; your queen is getting ready to swarm usually. (You may not see any queen cells yet, but check for them in three days, and you will see them if they are there.)

If you see queen cells near the bottom of a frame; your queen is getting ready to swarm. If I find queen cells in one of my hives, I act immediately. ( I will write my next post-page on how I do different splits.)

Check for your hive getting plugged-up; plugged up means that your queen has no where to lay her eggs. (She will swarm if there is no where to lay eggs.) I have never had a problem with this using 1:1 sugar water.

I hope this post will help some people. I will post some videos soon. My apiary is in 2 inches of water. The bees are fine but when is it going to warm up and quit raining.

 

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GOING INTO THE BEE YARD

going into the bee yard

Our Friend The Honey Bee

Going Into The Bee Yard (The Apiary)

I will share the basic’s with you about going to the bee yard for a year. And I will also make some video’s to show you how I do the things that I am writing about. (When the weather cooperates a little.)

I have a saying,”Anyone can raise bee’s from April to August.” And I believe it. Getting bees started is pretty easy, but a year has twelve months in it.

In the bee world, calendars have a place but weather rules. So when I use the seasons as a guide they are to be considered by the weather. As in When do your dandelions bloom? Ours bloom give or take around March 25th. You may still be in a foot of snow or in a full flow. Remember weather dictates, when it comes to bees.

So here we go.

Getting things started; early spring (weather wise)

You have your bee suit on, your smoker lite, hive tool in pocket, and your note pad in the other pocket.

The first thing you will want to do is to light your smoker. This is how I light mine; I get some lint (dryer lint, hold it in my hand and get it lite, drop it into my smoker then put cardboard that has been twisted up real tight in the smoker. I work the bellows for a while and I’m done. (The smoker will stay smoldering for about forty minutes.)

Walk out to your apiary, this will give the smoke in the smoker time to cool down. And if you live in a dry climate, help you not start a fire around your bees.

If you have two hives next to each other put your smoker, note pad and hive tool on the hive next to the hive you will be working on.

Take your smoker and put a couple of puffs of smoke on your hands, and chest area. Bee’s don’t like smoke or the smell of smoke so they tend to stay away from the smell of smoke. Check the temperature of the smoke coming out of your smoker, it should not be hot.

Put a couple of puffs of smoke in the hive entrance. If you use inner covers, remove your outer cover and put a couple of puffs through the hole in the inner cover. If not lift your outer cover just enough to put some smoke under the lid. Close the lid and give the bee’s ten or fifteen seconds. ( You can wait a little longer) This settles them down a little more.

How To Move Around The Hive; Be Slow

Just a couple of tips about how to move around your hive. Be slow, Bees are sensitive to quick movements. Move smooth and slow, pulling your frames out gently, move your hive tool without jerking it or the frames and never stand in front of your hive when you are inspecting it. you will block the flight path of the bees. Pop your cover or covers off without ripping them off. they will be glued down so be slow. All that said, “Don’t take to long in the hive.” 5-15 min.

You should inspect at least every ten days. (weather permitting.)

Inspecting The Hive; What Am I Looking For

Remove the outer cover and then inner cover if you use one; your bees should be calm after you have smoked them. If not just put one or two puffs of smoke on them.

Move all your frames to one side of the hive and then remove one frame from either the left side or right side. Put this frame in a nuc box that you will carry out with you to the hive. I use a two frame box to do this with.

You want to put the frame of bees in a box because you don’t want your queen to fall off the frame to the ground.

After you have removed one frame or two (I remove two If I am working a ten frame box and have a three frame nuc with me) you can go to work.

The first thing you want to look for are queen eggs (those little pieces of rice) hold the frame so that the sun is coming over your shoulder and the frame is over the hive. (If the queen falls off she will fall back into the hive.) You will see those little pieces of rice (eggs)

What you want to see is a nice group of those eggs laid real tight. And when a frame is full it should look like a rainbow. The eggs will cover the bottom of the rainbow, honey and pollen will cover the upper parts of the rainbow.

You should see some capped brood (the eggs have grown to larva stage and have been capped over. You can no longer see the larva.)  The darker the capping the closer the brood are to hatching. (The caped brood should have very few holes where there are no eggs, not unless it is very dark and hatching.) When you see this, you have a good layer.

You should see the build up of stores (honey and pollen) on the frames that are in the center of the hive. Usually bees will build the hive up from front center to center then they will build to the left and right.

Its  early spring so put everything back how you took it out. This is important, so that the eggs stay warm. Brood can get chilled and it will die. (The bees know were to put eggs and how to keep them warm, better than we do.)

Maintenance: Controlling Moths, Beetles, and Mites

Ask fifty bee keepers how to control pest in your hive and you will get a hundred answers. many of those answers are right because there are many ways to control pest that want to make your bee hive their home.

Controlling moths is easy; don’t give them a place to lay eggs. If you don’t give wax moths a place to lay eggs they won’t. This is how you do it; never give the bees to much drawn comb (Drawn comb is, wax built on the frames. It is were bees store; eggs, pollen and honey.)  If bees can guard the comb, they will fend off wax moths.

I run two frame mating nucs to produce nucs all year except when it gets about mid June. When I start a new hive, I will put in one full frame of bees with brood, honey and pollen on it. (The frame will be loaded) I can’t stress it enough, I put a loaded frame in my two frame hive. later in the summer I fill one frame and shake a bunch of bees into the box.

The wax moths will never get on that frame or the other one. I put a starter strip frame next to the loaded frame. The bees will draw it out as they need it, therefore they will be able to guard that frame also.

Hive Beatles can be controlled by using traps. There are an assortment of traps on the market, but nothing in my opinion works better than a full hive of bee frames that are loaded. As a secondary defense I use pieces of wood about 3″x 3″ x 1/2″ with 3/16th’s of and inch holes drilled through it about 1/2″ apart. I fill them with bee protein supplement mixed with oxcilic acid. Hive Beatles love protein supplement. Use a coat hanger to clean the holes out once a month. Put one on top of the hive frames and one on the bottom board.

*When using oxcilic acid wear protective gloves and eye protection. Oxcilic acid is organic but in pure form it is deadly. It is in high concentrate, in rhubarb leaves.

Varroa mites are deadly to bees, they are the honey bees worst enemy. It is bad enough that they suck the life out of them, but they also spread a number of viruses. Varroa can be controlled using many methods. I used to use Oxcilic acid (drip method). It is were you drip the acid mixed with 2:1 sugar water directly on the bees, It is very effective. But it can kill brood and possibly the queen. So this year I will go to using mineral oil in a burgess smoker. (The burgess smoker turns liquid into steam and it works real well to combat mites.) I have a beard so I can’t get a seal on a respirator. And if you are going to use oxcilic acid you are going to use a respirator.

If you live in a humid environment, do not use powdered sugar to treat varroa, the powdered sugar will absorb water from the air and it will then stick to the bees real thick. Powdered sugar is like salt, it attracts water, but unlike salt the sugar gets real hard, like the sugar in your winter feeders.

You can choose many different treatments, and many work well. In my opinion I would never recommend using hard chemicals for any treatment.

A good way to keep any pest out of the hive is to change your hive out. When I do a split I will change out the hive and clean out the old one. (It takes about a minute the next day.) I leave the old hive by the new one and pick it up that evening, then there are no bees in it.

Do your own investigating and you will surly find the best way to treat for pest. I will share this as a side note; If someone tries to argue with you about treating bees, shake your head up and down and slowly walk away. If you don’t want to treat your bees you don’t have to. If you don’t treat your bee’s you will have a mortality rate of up to 80% on average.

Late Spring; The Flow Is On

Its late spring the flow is on (flow means that there is a lot of nectar and pollen on the plants and trees.) And the bees are bringing it in by the load. You can actually see the bees dragging their bottoms as they are coming back to the hive.

*If you are using your hives for honey production discontinue sugar water feeding, when you put on your first supper. If you don’t know when the flow is on. The bees will tell you. They will start to leave the sugar water alone that you place in your bee apiary or in your hives. Also they will be hauling in loads of nectar and the front of the hive will be a busy place.

Its late spring, the weather has warmed and the bees are busy. Keep your inspections once a week, every ten days at the most. ( I have had a queen load up four frames of eggs in ten days) Get your hive Beetle traps set and watch for wax moths.

Honey bees do two things in late spring; one prepare to swarm. If you bought a nuc last summer, in July or later, your bees will probably not swarm. And if you have a new hive they usually don’t swarm. Yet, it is best to give bees some room, but not to much.

One of the ways to master bees is to know when to add frames and when to take away frames. Because the second thing bees do well is multiply.

The art of moving frames into the right places at the right time can greatly increase your hives productivity.

This is how I made seventy five frames (deep frames) of bees out of five last year. Timing is everything.

When to add frames to your bee’s; When you have a new nuc, it should be ready to burst in about two to three weeks. And if it is warm enough you can work this to your favor. Right when your bee’s begin to fill all the frames get ready to move them. If you have a five frame nuc. Put another five frame deep on top of it.

Bees move up naturally, But if you only have eight or ten frame equipment that is just fine. Take your eight or ten frame hive and set it next to your nuc. (eight frame hive uses two less frames.) Before you take your frames out one at a time and set them in your ten frame hive. Put a foundation frame in your ten frame hive then a starter strip frame. Then put your first full frame from your nuc into your ten frame box. Put another one in and then put a starter strip frame in. Then put the rest of your full frames in. Then put in a starter strip frame and at last a full foundation frame. You will be amazed how fast the bees draw out the starter strip in the middle.

When that starter strip in the middle is drawn out 50% – 75%a, take one of the starter strip frames from the out side and put it between two full frames in the center of the hive. Continue to do this until the hive is filled with nearly ten frames. When you open your hive you will see bees all over the top bars of the frames.

As you are replacing your foundation frames keep them out of the hive, unless you are just going for honey or just one or two splits out of a hive. (You can’t remove queen cells from a foundation frame.)

Your brood chamber is filled (bottom deep) (I will video this in about three to five weeks) Your bees are about ready to swarm, Lets get moving.

Your hive should be filled rather quickly through manipulation of the frames. It is now time to stack another brood box on top of your first one.

The weather will be warmer so now it is time to checker-board your hive. (If you want honey or if you want to make about 5-15 splits in about a month.)

Take your hive and put another ten frame hive next to it. Put one starter strip frame in the new hive then one full frame of bees, continue to do this until your box is filled. (You will have five frames of bees left when you are done with the first brood box. When the first brood box is finished start with the second. If you started with a starter strip on the bottom box, start with a full frame of bees and then a starter strip so that when you are done, and put the two boxes back together there will be no two frames alike above and below one another.

Adding suppers. Medium suppers work real well for honey and when you have twenty frames of bees you are going to get some honey.

This is worth mentioning again; When you are going through your hive, if you see honey frames in the bottom deep (The box next to the bottom board.) Take them out (They are usually on the outside of the hive, next to the outer walls of the deep.) If you only have one frame of honey, just put in one starter strip in the middle of the bottom box. And move your frames over to one side. If you have two frames of honey, take both frames out, Then take four frames and move them to the left and four to the right. Put one starter strip in the middle and move a full frame of bees next to it, then put another starter strip frame in the slot that is empty. (The bees will fill these two frames up in about a week plus.) continue to move honey up and even brood with the bees on it up, to make room for the queen to lay eggs in the bottom brood chamber. This pays off, greatly.

Always move honey frames up into the deep that is above, if they are all filled with honey, keep the extra frames in the freezer. They may come in handy.

Your mediums will begin to fill rather quickly if the flow is on.

Checking For Queen Cells

While you are waiting for that first load of honey, you have to continue to check for queen cells. They are large and look like little peanuts. It hurts honey production when you go through a hive frame by frame, so a lot of bee keepers just look at the bottoms of their deeps. You will easily see any queen cells doing this, that is on the bottom of a frame, if you are using, frames with foundation. The problem is that bees don’t always make queen cells on the bottoms of frames. And if you use starter strips, they will make them right on the bottom of the comb, right above the bottom of the frame. (You won’t see the queen eggs from the bottom all the time.)

So check every frame, it is better than losing half your bees. (If they swarm)

If you see a queen cell, you first need to know why it is there.

If the queen cell is on the bottom of the frame, it is a swarm cell, the bees are preparing to swarm.

If the queen cell is in the middle or the top of the frame it is a supersedure cell; the bees for one reason or another have decided that they need a new queen. The above two remarks may not hold true every time but they hold water as good as a bucket.

If you have found a queen cell on the bottom of a frame. You have a few choices to make. If you want to keep the majority of your bees in your main hive do the following; Find the queen take that frame out of the hive and take one more, if you  have ten or more frames in the hive. Put her in a nuc box. This is a”false swarm.” Move her about ten feet or more from the original hive. take three frames one at a time, over to the hive that has the queen in it, make sure the frames have brood on them. Place them one at a time over the hive and hit the top of the frame with your hand, about 3/4 of the bees should fall into the hive. What you have just done is make your queen right hive strong with nurse bees. And make your other hive think the queen has left with a load of bees. Feed this new hive 1:1 sugar water and a little protein patty for about three weeks or until you see a lot of bees bringing in nectar and pollen.

*Do not put a large protein patty in your hive, hive Beatles love them.

*Always try to put your queen in a different size hive, it will give her the idea that she has left the original hive. Also check and re-check for queen cells on the frames that you put in with your original queen. If you find any cut them out to make a new nuc or kill them.

Another choice you have is to make a few nuc’s. If it is early in the year, you can just take one frame that has a queen cell on it and put it in a two frame nuc box. (Early in southern Missouri is; April to may 20th, weather pending)

If its June, I would put two full frames in a two frame nuc box, And If it is late June or later I would put Three frames In a three frame nuc box. (Yes I make 2,3 and 5 frame nuc boxes).

If you have to cut out a queen cell because two cells are on one frame, it is easy, Just cut it out (About one inch around the cell) and put it on to a frame where there is brood. You can attach it with a tooth pick. (I use queen cell holders.) But I have used thin wire.

I just covered the basics so let us move on.

Early-Mid summer; Time to extract

Last year was my first year in Missouri; I bought one nuc and came out with seven, I lost one to supersedure, so I joined it with another one and ended up with six hives. In the process I also extracted a gallon of honey. Now that is not a lot of honey but I was not looking for honey. If I would have dedicated that nuc to honey, I would of extracted about ten gallons to fifteen gallons of honey from one hive. (That is another reason to buy nucs). Or full hives .(seven plus frames of bees)

Extracting honey is easy, getting the honey to the extractor can be challenging. I just brushed the bees off the few frames I took off the hive last year. I really like using a blower and brush, when I have to do twenty plus frames. That is about five gallons when you use medium frames.

The best way in my opinion to get your suppers (box’s that go above your deep’s.) off of your hives is this; Use a bee escape. They are a simple little device and work real good. You can buy one for a couple of dollars and hook it up to an inner cover. put it between your deep’s and your suppers and the next day just take off your suppers. A bee escape should be left on for at least eight hours, but a good way to do it is put it on in the late afternoon and go out and get your honey the next early afternoon. (about eighteen hours.) Don’t leave it on to long the bees will find there way back up into the boxes.

Now that you have your suppers in a device to transport them, move them to your extracting area. It is best to have an extracting area that is well sealed off. If you don’t and you need to extract your honey. Just plan to take off your suppers a day before it rains or a few hours before it rains.

If you are going to have just two hives, I highly recommend a hot knife. A hot knife goes through comb like a hot knife goes through butter. Get yourself a big pan, (the type that you cook a turkey in. Get a 1×2 and put a nail through it. You will use the tip of the nail to hold your frame in place while you cut the cappings off. You do this by just placing the knife on the top bar and bottom bar and just going from top to bottom. There will be places that you miss with your knife. You can use a plain old fork to scrap these places a little. or buy an uncapping scrapper. All that wax and a little honey will fall into the pan. The frames you will place into your extractor. (If you don’t have one, check with your local bee club.) I personally charge the cappings to uncap frames for people.

Have a five gallon bucket ready under your extractor, leave your pour spout open on your extractor and let the honey pour (Extractors are not honey tanks.) If you get more than five gallons of honey just use another bucket.

How to clean your honey; Honey has debris in it, and to an extent they should be removed. Let your honey sit for one night, the next day take the wax off the top of the bucket. This will remove 95% of any debris.

Quart and pint mason jars work great for storing honey.

How much honey should you take?

The question is not how much honey should you take? The question is how much honey should you leave. This changes with every climate. The longer the winter, the more food that is needed. I leave one frame of honey to one frame of bees. All my hives have plenty of honey on them as of March 10th. If someone did that In Upper New York, I believe that it would be a total failure. I also insulate my hives with R-4 insulation (Styrofoam). I will share why in a later post.

Kim floatam said it best, you can see how little feed that you can feed your bees in the winter, but what a pathetic lot they are in the spring.

Take a super of honey off in June or early July and leave the rest on. The bees will usually catch up just fine in the early fall. (When you take off your first super, after you spin it out, put it right back on.) The bees will fill it rather quickly.

Late Summer; The Dearth

Late July and August usually bring heat and a dearth. A dearth means; There is no flow. Simply put a bloom cannot be found. If you live near a town or in a city usually the dearth can be avoided. but for some, it is a season.

The dearth can be devastating, but there are ways around it. Those two supers that you left on the hive, well they just became lunch.

If there is no nectar coming in, there is also no pollen coming in. To help your bees out, put pollen out. I put mine in a five frame nuc (The bees will find it.) and also in the open. The bees will drag the pollen back into the hive. (The queen will continue to lay eggs, if you feed pollen and 1:1 sugar water. But if you are selling honey, you can’t feed sugar water or you can and only sell the honey that you spun from your first draw.

Fall; The Beginning of Bee Season

If you have a good load of bees in the fall, it is a good thing. Now is the time to feed the 1:1 sugar water continuously until around frost. Also feed pollen. This may enhance your queen to lay more eggs or continue to lay later in the year. Queens that are mated after the Summer solace tend to lay later in the year.

Treat your bees for mites, A little more often in the fall. Your fall bees are your spring bees. Simply put the health of your fall bees will be the health of your spring hive.

I had queens laying eggs until late November in three of my hive last year. And it was a cold year. This is why I have one of my hives with six heavy frames (deep) bees in it right now and this winter was not nice.

That one hive will produce ten-fifteen nucs this spring-late spring and a few more until August.

Feed your bees. treat your bees.

Winter; Love Your Bees

Winter is hard on bees, when I lived in North Central Washington State, the winters lasted from September 20th until April 10th. The bees would fly two or three times maybe and they would die from the cold. You would see them in the snow, they never made it back home.

In Southern Missouri I still love my bees and they love it. I will get into greater detail how I cuddle them up, feed them and watch over them like babies. (I have never lost a hive in the winter or spring.)

Thank you, I hope that this post was helpful.

The next few post will be in more detail from season to season.

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The first hive

The First Hive: What To Buy And Not To Buy

So you want to buy some bee’s. I believe that you are making a good choice. And now I will share with you some advice. Buyer bee ware.

You can end up spending a fortune on honey bee equipment and the accessories that go with it. Shop around compare prices and quality.

Two companies that I recommend are: https://www.dadant.com and https://www.mannlakeltd.com These companies have been tried and tested through many generations.

What To Purchase; The Necessities

There are certain pieces of equipment that you will need to care for bee’s. We will start from the bottom up.

You will need a hive stand. four cinder blocks work real well or Two blocks and two pieces of 4X4 about twenty inches long. What you are trying to do is to keep your hive off the ground over a foot and not over eighteen inches.

The next thing you will need is a bottom board. A Bottom board should never be made out of plywood. (it will warp every time and I mean every time.) then your entrance reducer won’t be able to close off your entrance in the winter. It’s like trying on fit an banana on a level surface.

An entrance reducer is a must, some people use number eight hardware wire and just run it across the entrance of the hive; and by making cuts in the wire can open and close the front entrance as much as they want to. This is a good system and I will experiment with it this year.

I use a piece of wood 3/4″ X 3/4 That fits across the front of the hive now. It has two cuts in it, so that the entrance can be small or large. They work real well and are easy to make.

A good bottom board is made of 3/4 in stock that comes from 1 X 12″ wood. The pieces will be put together by two pieces of of 2″ wood on the bottom and will have a 3/4″ X 3/4″ piece of wood running around the entire bottom board except the front. Some people use a full inch, but most that I know of use 3/4″.

It is important that the bottom board is tight and smooth. This makes it hard for wax moths and hive Beatles to hid eggs around the bottom board.

The next piece of equipment that you will need is a box to put your bees in. These boxes have different names due to sizes and use. I will only mention the most common boxes, using Langstroth Type Boxes and frames.

The Box which we will now call a hive that is above the bottom board is called a deep or brood chamber (This is were the queen will lay the majority of her eggs.) You can also run two deeps,  (which I do on my honey producing hives.) If the queen is a good layer.

Above the deep hive box you will put a medium or shallow hive box. These boxes will be filled with honey by the bees.

If you have old bones or find it hard to lift weights over thirty pounds consider using shallow hive boxes. They only hold about 24 pounds of honey. Total weight of a shallow is about thirty pounds. This may not sound like a lot of weight, but if the flow is on and it stays on, you can stack three to five shallows on top of your brood boxes. Now you have a six foot hive.

An item to consider is what type of top hive feeder you will use. You will use one type of feeder or another. (Will discuss why later.)

If a top hive feeder cost more than $6.00 it’s to expensive. I will show you how to make one for about $5.00 (Later) The feeder I use is made using mason jars and a piece of wood. I use zip lock bags often, they are cheap, and throw away when you are done with them. They do one other things also, the bee’s will clean them out real well. In doing so they will eat the crystallized sugar that is in them. This introduces them to eating hard sugar in the winter. It happens very seldom, but it can happen, Once in a great while the bees will haul hard sugar out of a hive.

Above the honey hive boxes you will put an outer cover over your medium, shallow hive box or top hive feeder. An outer cover is just that, it is the roof of the bee hive. If you make one, Use 3″ sides. That way you can install a piece of 3/4″ insulation in it. This will save your bees in the winter and summer.

There you have it. From bottom to top.

Personal Choices; What To Use And Not To Use

Above I did not mention using a queen excluder. That is because I do not recommend using one. Queen excluder’s keep the queen out of the upper boxes, in doing so you will not have any stages of bee eggs (larva) in with the honey. And this is good. Yet this comes with a price; they damage the worker bees wings.

I don’t use bottom screen boards, they are some what easy to make or a little pricey for my taste. But I don’t use them because They allow water into the hive. Let me explain; In Missouri we have a humidity problem and a big one. It can be seventy degrees in the morning and ninety percent humidity. Two hours later it can be eighty-five degrees and ninety-five percent humidity. Vapor rises and I don’t want water in my hive, I use vent holes and insulation in my hive to help keep the temperatures level and the water out. In other parts of the country I would use them. I used them in Oroville Washington. The Climate was high desert. I didn’t use them, when I lived on the Washington State coast, they grew mold and moss in them (So did everything else.)

Another thing I didn’t mention was inner covers, I just don’t use them, They get in the way. I used to use them when I had one hive, but they are time consuming and I couldn’t imagine using them on fifty to five hundred hives. (When you watch videos of the big bee keepers, you will take note that they do not use inner covers.)

Personal Gear; How Much The decision is yours

As a carpenter own’s a saw and hammer, you will need personal gear for your bee’s. The most important piece of gear that you will ever own, is one that you can never forget to take to the bee yard. Your pencil and notepad. I can’t say it enough, don’t forget your notepad. With out it, all is lost. As the saying goes, “A short pencil is better than a long memory.”

You will need a smoker and a hive tool. Everything else is up to you. I own a full suit. You may want to purchase a vale, top with vale and pants individually. So when you get used to your bee’s you can just wear a vale in the (calm months).

Gloves are another matter. fingers hurt when they get stung and bee’s cant sting through gloves. But gloves make it hard to work the hive quickly. You don’t want to keep the hive open to long.

You will need a few extras we will talk about that in the next post; Going To The Yard

Extractors, hot knives and screens will be discussed at a later date.

 

Buying Your Bee’s; 2 Choices

There are two ways to purchase bee’s basically; local and long range. The difference between the two is this; you can purchase long range bee’s locally but you can’t purchase local bees long range.

Now I will explain myself. When you buy a package of Bees in November and receive them in March the following year. Those are long range bees. Package bee’s come from the deep south early in the year. Late February, March and early April (weather pending). There are exceptions to this rule of thumb.

When you buy a package of bee’s in most cases everything will go wrong. Michael Palmer said it best, “80 percent of package bees die in the first year”

There are some producers of packaged bee’s that do a good job. And for an experienced bee keeper who has a lot of hives, packages have there place.

Like anything else, the purchase of bee’s is a personal choice and one that should be looked into with good planning. When you are going to spend six-hundred to a thousand dollars, you should look into what you are going to get. And one of the best ways you are going to do that is ask other bee keepers, and follow a few good teachers on line, and if you are fortunate enough to get a hold of an experienced bee keeper and follow him, do so and thank God.

This outside information may help some of you in your decision making.

The Beekeepers Association of Northern Virginia did a survey of its members in 2011 and here were the survival rates for each group of colonies:

  • Locally produced nucs with local or hygienic queens – 87%
  • Locally produced queens with hygienic queens – 70%
  • Bee raised queens (emergency, supercedure, and swarm) – 60%
  • Queens from Southern package producer (35%)
  • Local produced nucs with Southern package producer queens (25%)
  • Packages from Southern package producer (23%)

I have heard and found through many sources that southern Bees from packages just don’t do well in the north or as stated by Michael Palmer; they just don’t do well. For the beginning bee keeper.

I never have bought a package of bee’s because of advice given to me.

The advantage of buying a package of bee’s;

They come to your local post office, are less expensive dollar wise and you will learn how to get antiquated with bee’s real quick, when you install your package into your hive.

The disadvantages are;

The queen is dead on arrival. (This does not happen often, but it does happen.)

The queen is not a proven layer to you. (She may be in the yard that she came from, but she is not a proven layer in the hive that you have installed her in, and you won’t find out for about one to two weeks if she is.)

Packages can and will abscond (That is they will fly away) not often but it does happen.

I will share later on how to try and keep a package at home later.

There is another option to acquiring bees. The “Nuc” Called a nuc because it is a miniature nucleus of a full colony. A nuc should come with three frames of bee’s, a queen, brood in all stages, a frame of honey and a frame of pollen. And if it cost over 150.00 the size box it comes in should be a deep box, with deep frames. Some sellers charge for their boxes, and they should, boxes are not cheap. The average “Nuc” cost around 165-200 dollars.

The advantages of buying a nuc are as follows;

*As a beginner try to purchase two nucs

The queen dies; You can purchase a queen and wait three days and your back in business hopefully. You can just wait for a month, the bees will make an emergency queen. Is this the best option, no. But it is an option. And early in the season it works the majority of the time. You can combine the two nucs into one if you bought two.

A nuc is a thriving hive, the queen is laying, larva are hatching and worker’s are working.

I have never heard of a nuc being taken home and when it arrived there, it absconded.

Over all if you purchase a nuc or two, with proper hive maintenance they will survive the up coming winter. And you may get a some honey the first year, if the flow is good.

When purchasing a nuc from an apiary, the seller best sell a good product. His business depends on it. (You will meet the person who is selling you the “nuc”.)

When purchasing a nuc; The seller should let you look the hive over as they are pulling the frames out. They will point out the queen, capped brood, uncapped brood, honey and pollen. And there will be three full frames of bees. Look at the frames you should see a good amount of new eggs, they look like little pieces of rice. When you see a lot of those little pieces of “rice” you know that you have a proven layer. That alone is worth the price of the “nuc”. You may not get a full frame of pollen but you won’t miss the pollen in the frames.

One thing to look for when purchasing a nuc, is the condition of the wax comb. It should be light yellow to very light tan. Old wax is never a good sign.

When your buying a nuc, you should be picking it up at the apiary. This is opinion only, but the difference in buying bees from someone’s back yard and from an apiary is the difference from buying tomatoes from a farm and a grocery store.

I hope that this post has been helpful.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Welcome to The Happy Bee Man Site

Happy Bee Man

A Joyful sight

Welcome My Friends

I would like to shake hands with all who are close and far, with this greeting, “Welcome.” Now I would like to take a step back on the path of life and share with you all, how the honey bee and I became friends.

In the year 2oo6, My wife (Hadassah) and I lived in Aberdeen Washington and would see a honey for sale sign. So one day we stopped and bought a bottle. Soon afterwards  my wife shared with me that I should ask the man if I could learn about bees from him.

A long story short, His name is James Cowan and he has been keeping bee’s for sixty years. I owe a great deal to this man for the knowledge that he poured into me.

Since then I have always had some bees, but last year my wife shared with me that I should get some honey bees. I bought one nuc from a local supplier and four months later I had seven hives, one hive superseded the queen so I joined it with another. So I ended up with six.

This year I hope to make about fifty to seventy hives out of four, I will dedicate two hives to honey and pollen. Will be purchasing ten virgin queens to help bring in new blood and will be producing queens my self.

I hope that many people will find this sight helpful, fun and enjoyable.

It will be a fun year as me a my children light our smoker and venture out into the yard.

Some things that I will be doing this year; Hopefully

Sharing tips on how to doing things and how not to.

Making splits

Selling honey and pollen

Selling a few late season splits

Planting our first acre of sunflowers, asters, marigolds and cosmos

Building a lot of nuc’s ten frame boxes and frames.

Catching worker bee’s by the wings (This is good practice to learn how to catch queen’s)

Marking Queens

Making wax (the easy way) and some candles.

Extracting honey and doing wax removal.

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